As per Census 2011, what was the workforce participation rate for females in the urban sector?
Census is the process of collecting, compiling, analyzing or otherwise disseminating social data. In India, population census is conducted every ten years. The collection of population data is also known as Jan Gad-Naa in native terms. Census data results in ascertainment of distribution, size, and socio-economic, demographic status of the country's population. The data acquired is then used as a character reference for the creation of significant policies. Where the government of the country uses this data to formulate more beneficial policies for the country by efficient allocation of resources, the Private sector uses this information to seek into the markets which have not been accessed by the business houses previously. The recent census in India was conducted in the year 2011. The population of the country was ascertained to 1,210,854,977in the census of 2011. The census along with the workforce participation rate also reported the participation of males and females in the workforce of both rural and urban sectors of the economy. The percentage of females in both the rural and urban sector was significantly less than their male counterparts. The reason for the same are many but the one that is on the top of the list is the lack of intent in the major part of the countries to educate the girl child. Since the females form a large part of the population and hence of the economy. The government of India in 2015 launched Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign which aims to elevate the to-be socio-economic status of girls by educating and empowering them of their much ignored fundamental rights. Why it is important to learn about the participation of Males & Females in the workforce? It is of prime significance to learn about participation rate of Males & Females in Economy, to improve the overall economic growth of the Nation. The availability of the gender-wise workforce participation rate not only helps in the formulation of gender-based development policies but also help in tracking the contribution of both genders to the economy. Various social injustices like preference of boy over a girl child and depriving girl child from education leads to the low contribution rate by them in the economy. This problem persists in the economies of all developing nations. Participation and contribution of women in economic activities in the formal sectors like industries, services, and agricultural sector is measurable, but the measurement of the same becomes a difficult task in the informal sectors such as house work, training and education of children, etc.